Arctic Wolves

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23-80 kg
Body Length
87-130 cm
Arctic Hares, Lemmings, Caribou, Musk Ox
Breading Season
January to March
Sexual Maturity
2-3 Years
Pups per litter
Usually around four to five pups
Humans, Other wolves
Average Lifespan
Fifteen years in captivity; nine to ten years out in the wild
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Natural HabitatEdit

The arctic wolf inhabits the Canadian arctic and the islands, parts of Alaska and northern parts of Greenland. Their habitat extends from 70* North latitude and higher. They have lived in North America for more than two million years. Their remote home means that they are relatively safe from man's activites, both in terms of hunting and habitat destruction. Their habitat is extremely harsh and remote, and few scientists venture into that world during the long, dark winter - even the vast majority of Inuit live further south than the arctic wolf. As a result, the details of their lives through much of the year are virtually unknown.


The arctic wolf can withstand the arctic weather, with the help in their thoroughly insulated fur. They can survive in sub-zero temperatures for years, in absolute darkness for five monthes per year, and without food for weeks. Arctic Wolves usually travel in packs of 2 to 20. They live in small family groups: a breeding pair (alpha male and female) and their pups, or as baby wolves. The pack works together to feed and care for their pups. Lone arctic wolves are young males that have left their pack to seek their own territories. They avoid other wolves, unless they are able to mate. Having found an abandoned territory, a lone arctic wolf will claim it by marking the territory with its scent, then gather other lone wolves into its pack. When the female is pregnant, she leaves the pack to dig a den to raise her pups. If the ice is too thick, she will move to a den or cave to make it home.


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Due to the Arctic's permafrost soil and difficulty it always poses for digging dens, arctic wolves often use rock outcroppings, caves of even shallow depressions as dens instead. After gestation of about 63 days to 75 days, birth is in late May to early June, about a month later than Gray Wolves. The mother gives birth to 2 or 3 pups, though there may be as many as 12. This is fewer pups than gray wolves, which have four to five. It is generally thought that the lower number is due to the scarcity of prey in the Arctic. Pups are born blind and deaf, and weigh about one pound. They are dependent on their mother for food and protection. When they are 5 weeks old, they are allowed outside the den. Other wolves in the pack may take care of the mother's pups until she returns with food.

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The profile of a average Arctic wolf pup

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The main difference between Grey wolves and Arctic is that Arctic don't travel in large packs such as this picture